Podophyllum Resin BP


CAS no. 9000-55-9

Podophyllum resin, also known as podophyllum or podophyllin, is a resin made from the roots of the American Mandrake (Mayapple). 

It is used in dermatology medications for treatment of various forms of warts. 

BHM Chemicals is a supplier of high quality BP grade Podophyllum Resin.

Highly refined Podophyllotoxin in conformity with Ph. Eur. specification is also available. 

Minimum order quantity: 25kg

Podophyllum resin, derived from the roots of the Podophyllum plant, otherwise known as Mayapple or American mandrake, has a long history of use in traditional medicine and is still utilized in various applications today. 


  1. Chemical Composition. Podophyllum resin, also known as Mayapple or American mandrake, contains several biologically active compounds, with podophyllotoxin being the most significant. Podophyllotoxin is a lignan compound known for its cytotoxic and antimitotic properties, which makes it valuable in medical and pharmaceutical applications.
  2. Solubility. Podophyllum resin is soluble in organic solvents, such as alcohol and acetone, but insoluble in cold water. This property is relevant to its formulation in various medicinal preparations.
  3. Toxicity. While podophyllum resin has medicinal uses, it is important to highlight its toxic nature. The resin can be poisonous if ingested or absorbed through the skin in significant quantities. Due to its potential for toxicity, it should be used with caution and under the guidance of healthcare professionals.


  1. Topical Treatment for Skin Conditions. Podophyllum resin has historically been used topically to treat various skin conditions, including warts and other growths. Its antimitotic properties interfere with cell division, leading to the removal of abnormal skin growths. Podophyllum resin is applied by healthcare providers in controlled settings to minimize the risk of side effects.
  2. Cancer Treatment. Podophyllotoxin, one of the active compounds in podophyllum resin, is the precursor of several chemotherapy drugs, such as etoposide and teniposide. These drugs are used to treat various types of cancer, including lung cancer, testicular cancer, and lymphomas. They work by inhibiting cell division and preventing the growth of cancer cells.
  3. Laxative. In the past, podophyllum resin was used as a laxative due to its purgative effects. However, its use for this purpose has significantly declined, as safer and more effective laxatives are now available.


  1. Effective Treatment for Genital Warts. One of the primary benefits of podophyllum resin is its effectiveness in treating genital warts. A study published in the "Journal of Clinical Medicine Research" in 2015 found that podophyllotoxin, derived from podophyllum resin, was an effective and well-tolerated treatment for genital warts, with high rates of wart clearance reported [^1].
  2. Chemotherapeutic Potential. The discovery of podophyllotoxin as a precursor to chemotherapy drugs has been a significant advancement in cancer treatment. Drugs derived from podophyllotoxin, such as etoposide, have demonstrated efficacy in treating various types of cancer, contributing to improved survival rates and outcomes for cancer patients.
  3. Topical Application. Podophyllum resin's topical application allows for targeted treatment of specific skin conditions, minimizing the impact on the rest of the body. This focused approach is advantageous for treating localized issues like genital warts while sparing healthy tissue.

Safety Considerations

Due to its toxicity, podophyllum resin must be used with great caution. Here are some important safety considerations:

  1. Healthcare Supervision. The use of podophyllum resin for medical purposes should only be done under the supervision of healthcare professionals who are experienced in its application. Self-treatment or misuse can lead to severe side effects and toxicity.
  2. Toxicity and Side Effects. Podophyllum resin can cause skin irritation, burning, and blistering when applied topically. Ingestion or excessive absorption can lead to severe toxicity, resulting in symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and organ damage. In some cases, it can be life-threatening.
  3. Alternative Treatments. In many cases, safer and more accessible treatments are available for conditions that were historically treated with podophyllum resin. It is essential to explore alternative treatments and consult with healthcare providers to ensure the most appropriate and safe approach to care.
  4. Regulatory Considerations. Podophyllum resin and its derivatives are subject to regulatory restrictions in some countries due to their toxicity. Understanding and complying with local regulations is crucial when considering the use of these substances.

Podophyllum resin, derived from the Podophyllum plant, has a complex history of use in traditional medicine and modern applications. Its primary active compound, podophyllotoxin, has found significant utility in the treatment of genital warts and as a precursor to chemotherapy drugs for various cancers.

However, it is important to emphasize that podophyllum resin is toxic and should only be used under the supervision of qualified healthcare professionals. Safer and more effective treatments are available for many conditions, making the use of podophyllum resin less common in contemporary healthcare.

As research and medical advancements continue, the focus shifts toward developing safer and more targeted treatments for various medical conditions, highlighting the importance of staying informed about the latest developments in medicine and pharmacology.

Please note that the information provided in this article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult with healthcare professionals before considering the use of podophyllum resin or any other medical treatment.


  1. Amer, M., Ramzy, S., & Tawfik, S. (2015). Comparative study between the efficacy and safety of topical 5% imiquimod cream and topical 0.15% podophyllotoxin solution in the treatment of genital warts. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research.
  2. National Center for Biotechnology Information. (2021). Podophyllum resin. PubChem.




Content (Assay)


Matter insoluble in ethanol (96%)

Matter insoluble in 5M ammonia

Loss on drying

Ash content




An amorphous powder varying in colour from light brown to greenish yellow, or brownish grey masses. Partly soluble in hot water, from which it is precipitated on cooling, in ether and in 5M ammonia.

Minimum 50% of Podophyllum Resin

Complies with BP test

The residue weighs not more than 25 mg

The residue weighs not less than 0.18 gm and not more than 0.30 gm

Maximum 5.0%

Maximum 1.0%

Hazardous class 6.1, UN 2811, Packing groupII

Keep container tightly closed in a cool and dry place and protected from light. Protect from contamination by foreign substances.